Interdependent social-ecological systems
Social and ecological systems are not just temporarily linked but are truly interdependent and co-evolving across many different spatial and temporal scales. We refer to them as social-ecological systems. In a human-dominated world it is close to impossible to truly understand ecosystemsí dynamics and their ability to generate services without accounting for the human dimension. It often leads to incomplete and partial conclusions. The same is true for investigating processes within the social domain only. A human society may show great ability to cope with change and adapt if analyzed only through the social dimension lens, but such adaptations may take place at the expense of changes in the capacity of ecosystems to sustain the adaptation. As a consequence traps and breakpoints in social-ecological systems may be generated.